…In it, he has one of his characters make this statement: “Cynical Europe said that the North would have it appear that a war had been fought for human freedom, whereas it was fought for money.”
WARNING! AMERICAN STATES ARE SECEDING FROM THE FED. DOES THIS AGAIN MEAN THE UNITED STATES IS BEING SET UP FOR ANOTHER CIVIL WAR?
THE NAMES IN THIS DOCUMENT ARE PRIMARILY JEWISH AND SHOW THAT IT WAS PRIMARILY A JEWISH CONSPIRACY.
THE SLAVE HOLDERS WERE PRIMARILY JEWS, WHO ALSO WERE THE ONES WHO TRANSPORTED THE BLACKS LIKE SARDINES IN THEIR SHIPS TO ENGLAND AND TO THE UNITED STATES. THE AMERICAN CHRISTIANS DID NOT BELIEVE IN SLAVE-HOLDING!
NOW TEACH THIS YOUR DECEIVED CHILDREN FOR ANOTHER PERSPECTIVE!
The Civil War
by Ralph Epperson
General William Tecumseh Sherman, one of the participants in the
Civil War, made this rather cryptic comment in his book Memoirs /:”… the
truth is not always palatable and should not always be told.”1
A similar comment was made by the author of the biography of Senator
Zachariah Chandler of Michigan, a Senator during the Civil War: “The
secret history of these days . . . concealing many startling revelations, has yet
been sparingly written; it is doubtful if the veil will ever be more than slightly
Those who have attempted to lift the veil have discovered that there are
indeed many hidden truths about this fateful period in American history.
One who only hinted at the truth about the real causes of the War was
Colonel Edward Mandell House, who wrote his book entitled Philip Dru,
Administrator, in 1912. In it, he has one of his characters make this statement:
“Cynical Europe said that the North would have it appear that a war had
been fought for human freedom, whereas it was fought for money.”*
Is it possible that the Civil War was fought for reasons other than those
traditionally offered? Is it possible that the real reasons for the war are among
the secrets that some wish not to be revealed? Is it possible that slavery and states rights were not the real causes of the War?
After the demise of the Second Bank of the United States, the state banks,
those chartered by the various states in the Union, operated the banking
system of the United States and issued all of the money. Almost exclusively,
this money was backed by gold, not by debt and paper money.
However, the financial position of the federal government had been
slowly deteriorating: “At the outbreak of the war the United States Treasury
was in greater shambles than Fort Sumter. Southern banks had been quietly
withdrawing large amounts of funds on deposit in the North. When Lincoln
took office, he found his Treasury almost empty.”4
The Civil War started in 1837, the year after the charter of the Second
Bank had expired, when the Rothschild family sent one of their representatives
to the United States. His name was August Belmont, and he arrived
during the panic of 1837. He quickly made his presence felt by buying
government bonds. His success and prosperity soon led him to the White
House, where he became the “financial advisor to the President of the United
Another of the pieces of this enormous puzzle fell into place in 1854
when a secret organization known as the Knights of the Golden Circle was
formed by George W. L. Bickley,6 who “declared that he had created the
fateful war of 1861 with an organization that had engineered and spread
Another of the leading characters in the story of the Civil War was J. P.
Morgan [gv*Jew], later to become one of America’s most wealthy and influential
industrialists and bankers. Mr. Morgan went to Europe in 1856 to study at the
University of Gottingen in Germany. It is not inconceivable that one of the
people he met while in college was Karl Marx [gv*Jew!], who was active during this
time writing and publicizing his ideas about Communism, since Marx was
in and out of Germany on a regular basis.
In any event, it was during this time that the European bankers began
plotting the Civil War. “According to John Reeves, in an authorized
biography entitled The Rothschilds, the Financial Rulers of Nations, a
pivotal meeting took place in London, in 1857. It was at this meeting that the
International Banking Syndicate decided that (in America) the North was to
be pitted against the South under the old principle of ‘divide and conquer.’
This amazing agreement was corroborated by MacKenzie in his historical
research entitled The Nineteenth Century.”8
The plotters realized that once again the American people would not
accept a national bank without a reason for having one, and once again the
plotters decided upon a war. Wars are costly, and they force governments into
a position where they must borrow money to pay for them, and the decision
was made once again to force the United States into a war so that it would have to deal with the issue of how to pay for its costs.
But the plotters had a difficult problem: what nation could they induce
to fight against the United States government? The United States was too
powerful, and no country, or combinations of countries, could match them
in a “balance of power” showdown. Canada to the north and Mexico to the
south were not strong enough and couldn’t raise an army adequate for the
anticipated conflict, so they were discounted. England and France were 3,000
miles away and across a huge ocean that made the supplying of an invading
army nearly impossible. And Russia had no central bank so the bankers had
no control over that nation.
So the bankers made the decision to divide the United States into two
parts, thereby creating an enemy for the government of the United States to
war against. The bankers first had to locate an issue to use in causing the southern
states to secede from the United States. [gv*Since many states are seceding right now, it follows they are plotting a civil war shortly.] The issue of slavery was ideal.
Next the bankers had to create an organization that could promote
secession amongst the southern states so that they would divide themselves
away from the federal government.
The Knights of the Golden Circle was created for that purpose. Abraham
Lincoln began to see the drama unfold as he was campaigning for the
Presidency in 1860. He saw the war as an attempt to split the Union, not over
the issue of slavery, but just for the pure sake of splitting the Union. He
wrote: “I have never had a feeling politically that did not spring from the
sentiments embodied in the Declaration of Independence. If it (the Union)
cannot be saved without giving up that principle, I was about to say I would
rather be assassinated on this spot than surrender it”9
So many of his fellow Americans also saw the war as an attempt to split
the Union that “it was not uncommon for men to declare that they would
resign their officer’s commission if the war for the Union was perverted into
an attack on slavery.”10
Curiously, Mr. Lincoln started having thoughts about his own assassination
during the 1860 convention,
He went upstairs and, exhausted by repressed excitement he
lay down on the couch in Mrs. Lincoln’s sitting room.
While lying there he was disturbed to see in the mirror two
images of himself which were alike, except that one was not so clear
as the other. The double reflection awakened the primitive vein in
the superstition always present in him. He rose and lay down again
to see if the paler shadow would vanish, but he saw it once
The next morning … he went home and reclined on the couch to see if there was not something wrong with the mirror itself. He
was reassured to find it played the same trick. When he tried to
show it to Mrs. Lincoln, however, the second reflection failed to
Mrs. Lincoln took it as a sign that he was to have two terms in
the Presidency, but she feared the paleness of one of the figures
signified that he would not live through the second term.
‘I am sure,’ he said to his partner once, ‘I shall meet with some
The Knights of the Golden Circle were successful in spreading the
message of secession amongst the various Southern states. As each state
withdrew from the United States, it left independently of the others. The
withdrawing states then formed a Confederation of States, as separate and
independent entities. The independence of each state was written into the
Southern Constitution: “We, the people of the Confederate States, each state
acting for itself, and in its sovereign and independent character.” 12
This action was significant because, should the South win the war, each
state could withdraw from the confederation, re-establish its sovereign
nature and set up its own central bank. The southern states could then have
a series of European-controlled banks, the Bank of Georgia, the Bank of
South Carolina, etc., and then any two could have a series of wars, such as in
Europe for centuries, in a perpetual game of Balance of Power politics. It
would be a successful method of insuring that large profits could be made on
the loaning of money to the states involved.
President Lincoln saw the problem developing, and was fortunate that
the government of Russia was willing to assist his government in the event
of a war with England and France. “While still President-elect, he (Lincoln)
had been informed by the Russian minister to the United States that his
country was willing to aid the Washington government should it be
menaced by England and France.”13
Eleven southern states seceded from the Union to form the Confederacy.
But in a rather enigmatic move, the flag adopted by the Confederacy had
thirteen stars on it. As mentioned before, the number thirteen has significance
to the Freemasons.
The South started the Civil War on April 12, 1861, when they fired upon
Fort Sumter, a Northern fort in South Carolina.
One of the members of the Knights of the Golden Circle was the well
known bandit Jesse James, and it was Jesse’s father, George James, a Captain
in the Southern Army, who fired the first shot at the fort.
Abraham Lincoln, now President of the Northern States, once again
reported to the American people that the war was a result of conspiratorial
forces at work in the South. He told the North that: “combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary machinery of peacetime government
had assumed control of various Southern states.” 14
Lincoln, and later the Russian government, saw that England and
France were aligning themselves against the North on the side of the South,
and immediately issued orders for a sea blockade of the Southern states to
prevent these two nations from using the seas to send supplies to the South.
The Russian minister to the United States also saw this alignment and
he advised his government in April, 1861, that: “England will take advantage
of the first opportunity to recognize the seceded states and that France will
follow her.” 15 (It is interesting that two of the Rothschild brothers had banks
in England and France.)
The Russian foreign minister instructed his American minister in
Washington in July, 1861,, “to assure the American nation that it could
assume ‘the most cordial sympathy on the part of our August Master (the
Czar of Russia) during the serious crisis which it is passing through at the
present.’ ” 16
Lincoln was receiving great pressure from certain of the banking
establishment to float interest-bearing loans to pay the costs of the war.
Salmon P. Chase, after whom the Chase Manhatten Bank, owned by the
Rockefeller interests, is named, and Lincoln’s Secretary of the Treasury
during the Civil War, “threatened the (rest of the) bankers that, if they did not
accept the bonds he was issuing, he would flood the country with circulating
notes, even if it should take a thousand dollars of such currency to buy a
So Abraham Lincoln decided not to borrow money from the bankers
nor to create interest bearing money by creating a national bank that would
loan the government the needed money by printing large quantities of paper
money. Lincoln issued the “Greenback” in February, 1862. This money was
not only unbacked by gold, but was debt free.
Lincoln was playing a deadly game. He had crossed the international
bankers. The war was being fought to force the United States into a position
of having to create a national bank, run independently by the European
bankers, and Lincoln had turned his back on them by issuing his own Fiat
The international bankers also out-manuevered Lincoln, at least to a
degree, when on August 5, 1861, they induced Congress, mostly at the urging
of Secretary of the Treasury Chase, to pass an income tax. They imposed “a
three-percent federal income tax. This was superseded almost at once by an
act of March, 1862, signed in July, while maintaining a three-percent tax on
income below $10,000, increased the rate to five percent above that level.” 18
It was a graduated income tax, just as proposed by Karl Marx just
thirteen years before.
England and France now moved to increase the pressure on Lincoln’s
government. On November 8, 1861, England “dispatched 8,000 troops to
Canada as tangible proof that she meant business” 19 in supporting the
South. France marched troops into Mexico after landing them on the coast
and imposing their choice of rulers, the emperor Maximillian, as the head of
Mexico. Lincoln could see that he was being flanked by the European
In 1938, Jerry Voorhis, a Congressman from California, wrote a
pamphlet entitled Dollars and Sense, in which he shared a little bit of history
with the American people about the events of the Civil War:
In July 1862, an agent of the London bankers sent the following
letter to leading financiers and bankers in the United States
soon after Lincoln’s first issue of greenbacks: “The great debt
that capitalists will see to it is made out of the war must be used to
control the volume of money. To accomplish this the bonds must
be used as a banking basis.
We are not waiting for the Secretary of the Treasury (Salmon
P. Chased to make this recommendation to Congress.
It will not do to allow the greenback, as it is called, to circulate
as money any length of time, for we cannot control them. But we
can control the bonds and through them the bank issues.”20
In order to curtail the flow of the military equipment the largely rural
South needed to wage the war, Lincoln, on April 19, 1861, imposed the naval
blockade previously mentioned. The Confederacy needed “to go abroad and
replace privateers with powerful warships which (they were) to buy or have
built to order. The first of these vessels, the Sumter, was commissioned in the
spring of 1861, and was followed in 1862 by the Florida and the Alabama.”21
The South was purchasing these ships from England and France to
break the blockade, and Secretary of State William Seward saw the importance
of keeping these two nations out of the war. He “warned the British
government: ‘If any European power provokes war, we shall not shrink from
it.’ Similarly Seward advised Mercier that French recognition of the
Confederacy would result in war with the United States.”22
Lincoln continued to see the danger from the European bankers and the
two European countries of France and England. He saw the main issue of the
war as being the preservation of the union. He repeated his statement that
preserving the Union was his main task: “My paramount object in this
struggle is to save the Union. If I could save the Union without freeing any
slaves, I would do it.”23
But even though Lincoln was not conducting the war over the issue of
slavery, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves on
September 22, 1862, claiming the right to do so as the Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy. There was no act of Congress, just the solitary act of
the President of the United States. But his act had the force of law, and the
American people accepted it as such.
In addition to the external threat from England and France, Lincoln
also had an internal threat to contend with: the central bank. On February 25,
1863, Congress passed the National Banking Act. This act created a federally
chartered national bank that had the power to issue U.S. Bank Notes, money
created to be loaned to the government supported not by gold but by debt.
The money was loaned to the government at interest, and became Legal
Tender. This bill was supported and urged by the Secretary of the Treasury,
Salmon P. Chase.
Lincoln, after the passage of this act, once again warned the American
people. He said: “The money power preys upon the nation in times of peace
and conspires against it in times of adversity. It is more despotic than
monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, more selfish than bureaucracy. I
see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me, and causes me
to tremble for the safety of my country. Corporations have been enthroned,
an era of corruption will follow, and the money power of the country will
endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people,
until the wealth is aggregated in a few hands, and the republic is
A few months after the passage of the act, the Rothschild bank in
England wrote a letter to a New York firm of bankers:
‘The few who understand the system (interest-bearing money)
will either be so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its
favors that there will be no opposition from that class, while on the
other hand, the great body of people, mentally incapable of
comprehending the tremendous advantages that capital derives
from the system, will bear its burdens without complaint, and
perhaps without even suspecting the system is inimical to their
Lincoln was betting on the blockade he had imposed around the South
as a means of keeping England and France out of the war. The blockade was
effectively doing this, at least on the surface, but others were using it as a
means of making enormous profits. Private individuals were “running” the
blockade by equipping several ships with essential provisions for the South,
and then hoping that a percentage of these ships would make it through the
blockade, so that the blockade runner could charge exorbitant prices for the
goods in Southern cities. One of these individuals was Thomas W. House,
reportedly a Rothschild agent, who amassed a fortune during the Civil War.
House was the father of Colonel Edward Mandell House, the key to the election of President Woodrow Wilson and the passage of the Federal
Reserve bill in 1913.
Lincoln realized that the North needed an ally to keep the European
countries out of the war directly, as both nations were building ships capable
of running the blockade, and the entry of England and France directly into
the war could spell the end of the North. He looked to other European
countries for assistance and found none willing to provide the support for his
government. There was one country, however, that had no central bank and
therefore no internal force preventing its support of the United States
government. That country was Russia.
Russia had a large navy and had already pledged its support to Lincoln
prior to the beginning of the war. It could now involve itself and keep
England and France out of the war because these two nations feared a war
with the Russian government.
Lincoln needed something that he could use as a means of encouraging
the Russian people to send their navy to the defense of the United States
government. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation to free the
slaves as a gesture to the Russian people who had their Czar free the serfs with
a similar proclamation in 1861. Lincoln anticipated that this one act would
encourage the Russian people to support their government when it lent
support to Lincoln’s government The Czar of Russia, Alexander II, issued orders to his imperial navy to sail for the American ports of New York City and San Francisco as a sign of support for Lincoln and his government It also served as a dramatic means
of indicating to France and England they would have to contend with the
Russian government as well should they enter the war on the side of the
South. These ships began arriving in the United States in September, 1863.
It was commonly understood why these ships were entering the American
waters. “The average Northerner (understood) . . . that the Russian Czar
was taking this means of warning England and France that if they made war
in support of the South, he would help the North 26
In October, 1863, the city of Baltimore issued a proclamation inviting
officers of the Russian ships of war now in or shortly to arrive
at that Port (New York) to visit the city of Baltimore . . . and to
accept of its hospitalities, as a testimonial of the high respect of the
authorities and citizens of Baltimore for the Sovereign and people
of Russia, who, when other powers and people strongly bound to
us by ties of interest or common descent (England and France?)
have lent material and support to the Rebels of the South, have
honorably abstained from all attempts to assist the rebellion, and have given our government reliable assurances of their sympathy
and good will. 27
The Czar issued orders to his Admirals that they were to be ready to fight
any power and to take their orders only from Abraham Lincoln.
And in the event of war, the Russian Navy was ordered to “attack the
enemy’s commercial shipping and their colonies, so as to cause them the
greatest possible damage.”28
In addition to all of these problems, Lincoln faced one more: the
machinations of an internal conspiracy. Lincoln had anticipated such a
conspiracy in 1837 when he stated: “At what point then is the approach of
danger to be expected? I answer, if it ever reaches us it must spring up
amongst us; it cannot come from abroad. If destruction be our lot, we must
ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of free men, we must live
through all time, or die by suicide.”29
So Lincoln feared that the ultimate death of his nation would be caused
by her own sons, his fellow Americans.
Early in 1863, Lincoln wrote a letter to Major General Joseph Hooker,
in which he said: “I have placed you at the head of the Army of the Potomac.
I have heard, in such a way as to believe it, of your recently saying that both
the army and the government needed a dictator.”50
Apparently what Lincoln had heard about General Hooker was true, as
Hooker had “once been feared as the potential leader of a Radical coup
The Radicals referred to in Lincoln’s letter to General Hooker were a
group of Republicans, amongst others, who saw that the North would
ultimately win the war with the South, and they wanted Lincoln to make the
South pay for its rebellion after the victory. Lincoln favored the softer
approach of allowing the Southern states to return to the Union after the war
ended, without reprisals against them or their fighting men. The Radicals
were frequently called the “Jacobins” after the group that fomented the
French Revolution of 1789. As mentioned earlier, they were an offshoot of the
But Lincoln’s biggest battle was yet to be fought: the battle for his life.
The visions of Lincoln’s earlier years about not serving two complete terms,
and his fears about internal conspiracies, were about to come true.
On April 14, 1865, the conspiracy that Lincoln both feared and had
knowledge of assassinated him. Eight people were tried for the crime, and
four were later hung. In addition to the conspiracy’s successful attempt on
Lincoln’s life, the plan was to also assassinate Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s
Vice President, and Secretary of State Seward. Both of these other attempts
failed, but if they had been successful, there is little doubt who would have
been the one to reap all of the benefits: Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.
In fact, after the successful assassination of Lincoln, Stanton “became in
that moment the functioning government of the United States, when he
assumed control of the city of Washington D.C in an attempt to capture
The man who killed Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth, had several links
with societies of the day, one of which was the Carbonari of Italy, an
Illuminati-like secret organization active in Italian intrigue.
One of the many evidences of Stanton’s complicity in the assassination
attempts is the fact that he failed to block off the road that Booth took as he
left Washington D.C. after the assassination, even though Stanton had
ordered military blockades on all of the other roads.
It is now believed that Stanton also arranged for another man, similar in
build and appearance to Booth, to be captured and then murdered by troops
under the command of Stanton. It is further believed that Stanton certified
that the murdered man was Booth, thereby allowing Booth to escape.
But perhaps the most incriminating evidence that Stanton was involved
in the assassination of Lincoln lies in the missing pages of the diary kept by
Mr. Booth. Stanton testified before Congressional investigating committees
“that the pages were missing when the diary was given to him in April of
1865. The missing pages contain the names of some seventy high government
officials and prominent businessmen who were involved in a conspiracy
to eliminate Lincoln. The purported eighteen missing pages were
recently discovered in the attic of Stanton’s descendants.”32 And Booth was
even linked to those involved with the conspiracy in the South: “A coded
message was found in the trunk of Booth, the key to which was discovered in
Judah P. Benjamin’s possession. Benjamin . . . was the Civil War campaign
strategist of the House of Rothschild.”33 (Mr. Benjamin held many key
positions in the Confederacy during the Civil War.)
So it appears that Lincoln was the subject of a major conspiracy to
assassinate him, a conspiracy so important that even the European bankers
were involved. Lincoln had to be eliminated because he dared to oppose the
attempt to force a central bank onto the American people, and as an example
to those who would later oppose such machinations in high places.
(One of the early books on the subject of this conspiracy was published
just months after the assassination of President Lincoln. It was entitled The
Assassination and History of the Conspiracy, and it clearly identified the
Knights of the Golden Circle as the fountainhead of the assassination plot
The back cover of the book carried an advertisement for another book that
offered the reader “an inside view of the modus of the infamous organization,
its connection with the rebellion and the Copperhead movement at the
North.” The second book was written by Edmund Wright, who claimed to
be a member of the Knights.) After the attempt on his life failed, and after
Lincoln’s death, Vice-President Johnson became the President of the United States. He continued Lincoln’s policy of amnesty to the defeated South after
the war was over. He issued an Amnesty Proclamation on May 29, 1865,
welcoming the South back into the Union with only a few requirements:
1. The South must repudiate the debt of the war;
2. Repeal all secession ordinances and laws; and
3. Abolish slavery forever.
The first requirement did not endear President Johnson to those who
wished the South to redeem its contractual obligations to those who loaned
it the money it needed to fight the war. One of these debtors was the
Rothschild family, who had heavily funded the South’s efforts in the war.
Johnson also had to face another problem.
The Czar of Russia, for his part in saving the United States government
during the war by sending his fleet to American waters, and apparently
because of an agreement he made with Lincoln, asked to be paid for the use
of his fleet. Johnson had no constitutional authority to give American
dollars to the head of a foreign government. And the cost of the fleet was
rather high: $7.2 million.
So Johnson had Secretary of State William Seward arrange for the
purchase of Alaska from the Russians in April, 1867.
This act has unfairly been called “Seward’s folly” by those historians
unfamiliar with the actual reasons for Alaska’s purchase, and to this day,
Secretary of State Seward has been criticized for the purchase of what was
then a piece of worthless land. But Seward was only purchasing the land as
a method by which he could pay the Czar of Russia for the use of his fleet, an
action that probably saved this nation from a more serious war with England
But the real problem Johnson was to have during his tenure as President
of the United States was still to occur.
He asked for the resignation of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, and
The Radical Republicans, also called the Jacobins, in the Senate started
impeachment proceedings against President Johnson. These efforts failed by
the slim margin of only one vote, and Johnson continued in office. In an
interesting quirk of fate, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the time
was Salmon P. Chase, and it was his task to preside over the impeachment
trial of President Johnson. Chase had resigned as Secretary of the Treasury to
become the Chief Justice. It was almost as if the conspiracy had anticipated
the impeachment proceedings and had wanted a man they felt they could
trust in that key position.
Senator Benjamin F. Wade, President Pro-Tempore of the Senate, and
next in line of succession to the Chief Executive’s position, had been so
confident that Johnson would be found guilty of the charges against him
and removed from office that he had already informally named his new cabinet. Ironically, Stanton was to become the Secretary of the Treasury.54
Chief Justice Chase’s role in these events would be recognized years later
by John Thompson, founder of the Chase National Bank (later to be called
the Chase Manhattan Bank, after its merger with the Manhattan Bank
owned by the Warburgs,) who named his bank after him. In addition, other
honors came to the Chief Justice. His picture now is found on the $10,000 bill
printed by the U.S. Treasury. This bill is the highest existing denomination
currency in the United States.
After the Civil War ended, President Johnson “had no doubt there was
a conspiracy afoot among the Radicals (the Jacobins) to incite another
It was the intent of the Jacobins to stir up the newly freed slaves and then
use this dissatisfaction as the reason for starting another Civil War. And in
fact there was a large riot in Memphis, Tennessee, in April, 1866, where a
group of whites attacked negroes and forty-six of the Negroes were killed.
Later, in July, 1866, there was a riot in New Orleans where a group of
marching negroes were fired upon and many of them were killed.
The Radicals blamed Johnson for these killings, but some knew that the
rioting was the work of others. Gideon Wells, the Secretary of the Navy, was
one and he wrote in his diary: “There is little doubt that the New Orleans
riots had their origin with the Radical members of Congress in Washington.
It is part of a deliberate conspiracy and was to be the commencement of a
series of bloody affrays through the States lately in the rebellion (the South.)
There is a determination to involve the country in civil war, if necessary, to
secure negro suffrage in the States and Radical ascendancy in the general
Even President Johnson was aware of the attempts to incite another
Civil War as he once . . .
told Orville Browning that “he had no doubt that there was a
conspiracy afoot among the Radicals to incite another revolution,
and especially to arm and exasperate the negroes.”
The President himself was coming to believe that Stevens and
Sumner (the leaders of the Radicals, also known as the Jacobins)
and their followers intended to take the government into their own
It was an “unmistakable design,” he once told Welles. They
would declare Tennessee out of the Union and so get rid of him,
and then set up a Directory based on the French Revolution’s
One of the groups acting to incite the riots was the Knights of the
Golden Circle, whose war-time members included John Wilkes Booth and
Jefferson Davis, the head of the Confederacy. Another member, Jesse was secretly hoarding large quantities of gold stolen from banks and mining
companies in an attempt to buy a second Civil War. It has been estimated
that Jesse and the other members of the Knights had buried over $7 billion
in gold all over the western states.
Jesse James, a 33rd degree Mason, lived to be 107 years old. He claimed
that his secret to his long life was that he changed his name frequently after
first locating a cowboy with approximately his same physical characteristics.
He then would kill or have him killed by shooting him in the face. He would
then plant some items known to be his on the body, such as jewelry or
clothing. His next step would be to have a known relative or a close friend
identify the body as being that of Jesse James. Since there were no other
means of identifying the body such as pictures or fingerprints, the public
assumed that the relative or friend knew what they were saying when they
identified the body. Grateful townspeople were happy to think that the
notorious bankrobber, or any or his dangerous aliases, was dead, so they
tended to believe that the identification was correct. Jesse claimed that it was
by this method that he assumed the identities or aliases of some seventy-three
individuals. In fact, he claimed that one of his aliases he used in later years
was that of William A. Clark, the copper king and later a U.S. Senator from
the Las Vegas area of Nevada. It is after Senator Clark that Clark County,
Nevada is named.
Another group that was formed in 1867 to spread terror amongst the
Negroes was a group known as the Ku Klux Klan, named after the Greek
word Kuklos, which meant “band” or “circle.”
Someone suggested that the name should be changed to Ku Klux, and
this is the name that has existed to this very day. This organization was
“brother to those secret organizations made up of other victims of despotism:
the Confrereries of medieval France, the Carbonari of Italy, the Vehmgerict
of Germany, (and) the Nihilists of Russia.”58
It was the Nihilists who were credited with the assassination of the Czar
of Russia, Alexander II, in 1881. This was the same Czar who sent the fleet
to America during the Civil War. So he, like Lincoln, had to pay the price for
outwitting the international bankers who had caused the Civil War. The
connection between the Ku Klux Klan and the Knights of the Golden Circle
has now become known. One author has written that “the Ku Klux Klan was
the military arm of the Knights of the Golden Circle.”39
The final important act of the Civil War came in 1875, when Congress
passed the Specie Redemption Act, declaring it the policy of the government
to redeem President Lincoln’s “greenbacks” at par in gold on January 1,
Lincoln had outwitted the international bankers.
The United States still did not have a central bank.
It was time for the conspiracy to change the strategy.