… General conditions. The camp is located on one acre field that turns into a sea of mud by rain, snow and the many people. The prisoners live, often wearing only pants and shirt, in holes in the ground. There is no water...
The German Military fought Strictly According to the Geneva Convention. The lies about the German Military are a scam, like the Jewish Holocaust is, to hide the Allied crimes and shut up the Germans for 70 years now.
STARVING THE GERMAN POWs TO DEATH UNDER THE OPEN SKY. THE AMERICANS MADE THEIR OWN RULES AGAINST ALL GENEVA CONVENTIONS.
WORLD POWER! AND NOW THE BOLSHEVIKS HAVE IT! WHEN CAPITALISM CRASHES, SATAN WILL COME OUT AND IT WILL BE A BLOODBATH BECAUSE HE HAS MANY AGENTS, MILLIONS OF THEM: COMMUNIST ARMIES IN CHINA, IN SOUTH AMERICA, IN CENTRAL AMERICA, MEXICO, KOREA, IN RUSSIA… TO NAME ONLY THE BIGGEST ONES. BUT SATAN WILL ALWAYS OPERATE BEHIND THE SCENE, GIVING ORDERS, MAKING DEMANDS BUT NOT TO BE RECOGNIZED FOR WHAT HE IS, THE BOLSHEVIK JEW. HE LOVES OPERATING IN THE DARK SO THE OTHERS CAN FIGHT THE WRONG ENEMY AND BASH EACH OTHERS HEADS IN, NOT KNOWING WHO IS PULLING THEIR STRINGS.
U S A – CONTINUED
TREATMENT OF PRISONERS OF WAR during and immediately after capture.
GOOGLE TRANSLATION WITH SLIGHT EDITION (not a sophisticated English)
From a large number of declarations about the processes involved in the capture and immediately afterwards, until the admission to the prisoner of war camp, the following picture emerges:
When captured, often even before the prisoner the weapons are removed, be taken from them their valuables, especially watches and rings, as well as cash, pens and the like. Did the prisoners luggage with him, so this will be searched by the American soldiers and cameras and other objects of value taken from him. For the manner in which this is done is significant that on 05.02.1945 an SS storm Colonel wedding ring was torn down with such force that this ripped the flesh from his fingers. Even when wounded no exception is made. On 16.4.1945, a Protestant chaplain who struggles against the seizure of his valuables, is beaten by American soldiers in Meerane. EV 1054, 1065, 1102, 1116, 1498, 1539, 1580, 1844, 1954, 2087, 3494, 3834
The prisoners have all medals and decorations removed. So rips an American officer in April 1945 a major war awards from, throws them to the ground and trampled on them. In Munich caught SS men are forced to eat the severed Uniform mirrors. E. V. 71, 160, 1011, 1057, 1370, 1654
Many prisoners, especially members of the Waffen-SS, are severely abused in detention, or at the first hearing. EV 1056, 1116, 1272, 1333, 1478, 1508, 1523, 1684, 3548
So reports an Obersturmführer who falls on 3 or 04/04/1945 at Paderborn in captivity, of his first interrogation at the POW collection point that he had to uncover his torso. He is whipped in the face and on the naked torso with a riding whip. A waiting military policeman extinguishes the glow of his cigarette out on the skin of the upper body. The prisoner must stand half naked with his face to the wall with a muzzle of a pistol in the neck while being questioned. It is placed a chain around his wrists and rotated until he collapses in pain. E. V.. 3
On 04/05/1945, a severely wounded SS man is thrown into the river Werra, pulled out again and dragged by the hair 150 m over a meadow. E. V.. 2
On 2.4.1945 a prisoner in the Rhön despite severe wounding – nose and mouth ripped off – beaten and kicked with feet. When he can not answer due to his injuries, he is finished off with a round of lead. E. V. 108
On 16.4.1945 are in area Hagen / Westf. two female military troop helpers and supporters, namely an air force assistant and a RAD Maiden, captured by an American patrol and then raped by drunken soldiers. E. V. 370
Other prisoners are threatened with shooting, apparently they need to dig their own grave for them allegedly, try out the grave for size and where during this constantly beaten. E. V. 35, 1508
On 06.05.1945 a German police General is captured in Bayrischzell. An American soldier holding his pistol to his forehead urinates at him from top to bottom. E. V. 106
Several explanations indicate that prisoners were carried on tanks into the broader battle or had to run along the tank E. V. 173, 486
In Dusseldorf area a lieutenant must ride on 17.4.1945 lying on the leading American tank to attack the armored division of four German anti-aircraft batteries. E. V. 518
Other prisoners are forced by the American troops to walk through German minefields. E. V. 1654
THE American POW camps in France.
The information on the American prisoner of war camps in the French-Belgian areas observations provide a matching picture in essential points of the conditions in these camps, both in terms of the general conditions (accommodation, meals) and in terms of treatment of the Prisoners there. The terms “Hell of Marseille”, “The hell of Bolbec”, “The hell of Attichy” that recur in the reports speak for themselves here. In the following presentation, therefore these bearings are combined to form a group.
Also the transport of prisoners of war and transit camps in Germany to France is a large number of reports with the following results:
The journey takes about three to four days. The prisoners are in cars that are designed for a normal occupation of forty men, often crammed with fifty, sixty or more men. A lying down is hardly possible under these circumstances, the squat and cowering prisoners on their luggage. The output at the beginning of the journey food is sparse and consists in a few field rationings. Drinking water, there is either none, or a twenty-liter can per car, which should be enough for the whole trip. The narrow, yet constricted by grid louvers allow only a sparse supply of air, sometimes they are even sealed. Especially in the summer months there is consequently in the crowded carriages unbearable heat and the prisoners suffer agonies of thirst. EV 263, 1174, 1227, 1412, 1420, 1489, 1539, 1657, 1713, 3569
On 04/18/1945, a prisoner who asks for water and thereby leans too far out of the car, is just simply shot dead on a transport to Namur. E. V. 69
When transporting from Trier to Rennes in April 45 water and K-rations of American train crew only against payment to be delivered. 20 liters of water costs RM 200.-, a K-ration. RM 20.-. E. V. 459
The cars are sealed and are not usually open throughout the journey, and not to allow the prisoners to relieve themselves. The excreta must in canning cans pushed cumbersomely through the ventilation slots or kept within the wagons. However, many prisoners suffer from diarrhea ne. E. V. 1582 1810th
Repeatedly it happens that members of the security personnel go on the road from car to car and usually under threat with the gun, take away from the prisoners watches and rings. E. V. 1265, 1943
When loading and unloading the prisoners constant receive maltreatment – kicks and blows with rifle butts. E. V. 1560 3557
Under these circumstances often occur death of the captives.
When transporting from 23 to 25.4.1945 to Marseille are of a single wagon seventeen suffocated or died of thirst POWs unloaded. E. V. 1434 1478 1582, 1596, 1713, 3569
At a transport in March 1945 to Compiegne there were ten to fifteen dead and in another transportation suffocated in one wagon sixty men, in another forty men. Overall, there are one hundred thirty four dead in this single transaction. EV 1943 3493.
M A R S E I L L E.
(December 1 9 4 4 to February 1 9 4 6)
1. General conditions.
Accommodation offered are tents that are overcrowded as a rule, so that the men are crammed in together narrowly and only able to sleep on the side. The prisoners are, initially only by one blanket later with two blankets covered resting on the bare floor. Also for amputees and other maimed there are no other accommodation. E. V. 1354, 1472, 1810, 1994, 2063, 3533
The prisoners, many of them amputees, despite greatest heat must march up to ten hours a day, singing in a circle. E. V. 83, 1655, 1902, 2145
Pending the disposition of the prisoners have to spend several nights outdoors.
The tents in winter are without heating possibility; tables and seats do not exist. E. V. 1427 2199
• Sanitary conditions:
The water supply and the washing facilities are not sufficient for the large number of prisoners. For days there is no water at all, in the summer, the prisoners can only wash about twice a month. E. V. 1015, 1608, 1994, 2063, 2097
In a Cage there are daily for three thousand men ninety steel helmets available as basins available and only three and a half hours. In Cage twenty-one and twenty-two the washing equipment must be at daytime “tour ready” for inspection. Prisoners may therefore wash only at night.
Food determined by the prisoners to be totally inadequate. The prisoners have considerable weight losses, some of them emaciated to skeletons. Many fall over from exhaustion. In a complaint by a German speaker camps not having regard to the Geneva Convention he is told: “We damn about the Geneva Convention.”
There is no drinking water, even in hot weather mornings only three quarters of a liter of coffee.
The camp police composed of Yugoslavs, which are fitted with wooden clubs and braided leather whips. Of these they make extensive use on the prisoners. Slightest infringements, such as a non-military posture in salutation by a policeman, are enough to be whipped stripped to the waist. E. V. 1037, 1345, 1954 359
Every day most severe mistreatment of prisoners by the police. So men are placed on the fence and so beaten until they collapse blood covered. Many prisoners must with lacerations of the skin, broken bones (usually on the face!), Rib fractures, even life-threatening lung injuries brought into the hospital. EV 32, 98, 1083, 1317, 1358, 1472, 1607, 1656, 1807, 1832, 1847, 1910
These abuses are tolerated by the American soldiers and officers, yes, American soldiers even make pictures as prisoners with truncheons and belts are beaten until they break down and need to be brought to their senses with water shower again. E. V. 13, 17, 1472, 1748, 1822, 3528
When taking in the prisoners of war the Jugoslav Camp Policemen with batons, whips and fists beat each prisoner until most are covered in blood; This is done in the presence of American officers. EV 1015, 1142, 1533, 1608, 1656, 1753, 1760, 1784, 1949, 2037, 2195, 2196, 3489, 3591
When fingerprints are taken prisoners are beaten with mallets on their fingers. They must also stand on one leg, hold for half an hour water-filled petrol cans with handles that are roughened with files so that the hands are torn open. At the slightest movement, there are beaten. E. V. 1533, 1640, 1748, 1985, 1994, 3518
Even American officers and soldiers taking part in the mistreatment. So get captured officers kicking against the body and the genitals, others are beaten with whips or the knob of the whip until they collapse covered with blood. EV 83, 1098, 1282, 1311, 1544, 1608, 1844, 1938
The following disciplinary sanctions may be imposed:
Food deprivation, hours of creeping backward around a trash can, hours of standing still at the black board. For minor breaches by a single POW whole tent communities (approximately fifty) are punished. E. V. 1410
A special position is occupied by the cage 21, which serves as a special camp for SS and National Socialists. Here, the American Cage ladder Sergeant Paul Doyle stands out particularily. Every day he beats down a number of prisoners by blows into the stomach, etc.. Often, the victims are so badly injured that they need to be admitted with skull and rib fractures to the hospital. EV 1028, 1141, 1341, 1405, 1476, 1546, 1728, 1810, 1902, 1951, 2004, 2053
As Doyle one night in a drunken state comes into the camp, he batters a long time, with a club an SS-man who as camp patrol on duty. When the man has become unconscious, he is doused with hot and cold water, and then beaten again until he is unconscious and carried out. For days he must not be presented to the doctor, during a visit of the doctor he is hidden in the tent. After eight days, he finally comes to the hospital. Diagnosis: skull fracture and internal injuries. E. V. 300
An SS leader in the military is so beaten by Doyle, that he dies from injuries suffered in this case. E. V. 33, 47, 1113, the 1655
Another member of the SS is dipped into a ton with water with his head and beaten with the whip on the buttocks until the flesh is hanging in shreds. E. V. 267, 1810th
1. Individual cases:
A p r i l 1 9 4 5:
Prisoners have to crawl on their belly while pushing with the nose heavy stones in front of them. Also amputees must join this treatment. E. V. 1410 1844 1958 2024 2096
An SS man must, wearing only pants, crawl on his belly on the fresh gravel camp road. Then he is beaten with a stick on the bare soles. E. V. 2058
M a y 1 9 4 5:
Prisoners have to slap each other and verbally abuse each opther; if they do not hit hard enough, they are beaten by the camp police officers with clubs. E. V. 43, 1365, 1690, 1949, 2097
SS members, including amputees have to spend hours crawling and crawl over sharp cravel. E. V. 1898 2004 2024
A prisoner of war who is beaten by the Yugoslav camp policemen, thereby suffers double jaw fracture. E. V. 1994
Forty prisoners are driven naked by the Yugoslavs with lashes around the camp road. E. V. 1691
A member of the SS is burned on the upper body in numerous places with cigarettes. E. V. 1958
Another SS man gets tied up and so hung up on his feet that his head hangs in the opening of the cesspool. E. V. 268th
J u n e 1 9 4 5:
Because of minimal infraction, four thousand prisoners of war must stand still for a whole day in the blazing sun. E. V. 1844
Cage 12 (Camp Sergeant Hirsch): A group of SS officers must spend hours, loaded down with heavy stones, to parade barefoot on sharp gravel until several men pass out and have to be carried off. E. V. 2198, 3555
Cage 16: Two leg amputees are tied together and must for forty-eight hours without food. Sergeant Wertheim explains: “Now they’ve got two legs!” EV 80th
Cage 22: Prisoners of War (Alt-Pg) have to clean every night the five latrines of cages, some with their bare hands. E. V. 80
Cage 23: The American Camp Sergeant stabs prisoners with needles in the abdomen. E. V. 108
One prisoner said: “… hunger and misery, ill-treatment and abuse, that was Marseille”.
B O L B E C
(A p r i l 1 9 4 5 to M a r c h 1 9 4 6)
• General conditions.
The prisoners are accommodated in tents. The tents are often leaky, so that when it rains the water is in the tent. Floors are not available, the prisoners sleep on the damp dirt floor; initially only one, later fitted with two blankets. The placing of cardboard is prohibited. In winter straw mats are issued for a portion of the camp, but they become rotten by the continuous wetness and smell. Lighting is not available. Furnaces not installed until Christmas; even then only a few hours a day to be heated because the fuel allocation is too low. E. V. 1064, 1084, 1174, 1726, 1771, 2017, 3560
• Hygienic conditions:
The washing facilities are not sufficient for the strong occupation of the camp. In Cage 3 z. B. are for three thousand men a hundred basins available, of which one fifth is bad. E. V. 1726
• medical care:
At times, the car for members of the special Cage 11 – which is used for SS and political ladder – is forbidden. E. V. 1279
The food is generally termed insufficient. It is different in the individual cages, in some, the daily amount of calories just 700. The result is a powerful weight loss with the prisoners. E. V. 1347, 1474, 1734
At the baggage control the prisoners not only are robbed of all valuables, including wedding rings, but also private clothing. Removed money is thrown into the cesspool. From 8 to 11.30 and 13 to 17 clock of the stay in the tents is strictly forbidden. The seriously-wounded and amputees must in any weather without protection stand outdoors during this time. Sitting is prohibited. The reference to the amputee’s plight is answered by the American sergeant Goldbach with the words: “Bind two together, then they have also two legs.” Two prisoners who seek contrary to the prohibition in heavy rain under a tent protection, have eight hours long on the sodden and muddy parade ground to crawl back and forth. In the special Cage 11 prisoners hair is shaved, the cap must be worn with the emblem to the back. The work of prisoners is that they daily nine and a half hours break stones, no tools, just stone hitting stone. There they have to squat, they may neither sit nor kneel. EV 1774, 2066, 2027, 3560, 1048, 256, 2164, 1774, 2065, 464, 1099, 1307, 2185, 3560
When disciplinary action be imposed it is: twenty-four or forty-eight hours food deprivation, standing with no meals, twelve to seventy-two hours. In case of collapse, they need to be held by the neighbors. Hours of crawling on soggy ground, also for the Disabled. Collective punishment against a tent community for a minor infraction of a single person, usually food deprivation on one or two days. E. V. 1651 1774 1998 2164
Maltreatment of prisoners by American soldiers with truncheons and kicks are common. Especially here to do the Cage Head of Cage 11, Goldbach, who mistreates the prisoners regularly with sticks. EV 1054, 1219, 1274, 1932, 1981, 2072, 1026, 1680, 1948, 2189
• Individual cases:
April 1945: prisoners have to stand naked for hours in the rain and cold outside. E. V. 1272
June / July 1945: Three prisoners have to sit naked the whole night on a 2 m high tree stump. E. V. 461, 1845.
June / July 1945: prisoners to strip naked and walk back and forth on the with sharp gravel covered camp road. E. V. 1774
July 30, 1945: Newly added prisoner officers must remain in stillstand a whole night. E. 2041
September 1945: Two prisoners, including a Protestant parish priest, who complain to representatives of the International Red Cross about the conditions in the camp, for punishment fourteen days and nights have to excavate large pits only with a pick-ax and tin can as a tool. For the first 2 days and one night without any food. E. V. 1487 1906 2185 3560
October 1945: One hundred fourteen prisoners of war officers must collect crawling on all fours paper, driven on by an American sergeant hitting them with a stick. E. V. 1911
October 1945: spinal cord injured prisoners of war must dig a large hole of 2 cubic meters and fill it up again until he collapses. E. V. 1374 2027
March 1946: In Cage 6 mistreated American sergeant prisoners of war with sticks. E. V. 1474th
A T T I C H Y
(M a r z 1 9 4 5 – M a r z 1 9 4 6)
• General conditions.
As accommodation offered are tents with no floor. The ground is covered with a thin layer of damp and rotten straw. The tents are overcrowded; to a man, only about 38 cm space, so that the prisoner lying just on the side, tightly pressed together, be able to sleep. Overcrowding is so great that the prisoners sometimes must sleep in the open, because not all have more th place in the tent. There are no lights, not even in the winter and no tables or chairs. Self-fabrication of these is forbidden. Furnaces are only erected in December 1945, the allocation of firewood but is so small that only about two hours can be heated during the day. Due to the cold and the constant moisture – in the winter months is the whole camp to ankle-deep in mud – causing serious frost damage in a large proportion of the prisoners. EV 1014 1335 1463 1682 1694 1884 3495, 3540
• Hygienic conditions:
The water supply is not enough when strong occupancy of the camp. For months there is water only at night; in the summer of 1945, the body wash is even banned for two weeks. Washing laundry is naturally even less possible. In a Cage is the summer of 1945 for 5000 man only one waterhole available which may be used only two hours a day. The latrines are, even in winter, without a roof, 300 to 400 meters away from the tents and can only be reached by long wading through deep mud. E. V. 58, 1483 1694 3556 1813 3495
• Medical care:
The medical care is considered insufficient. The station is housed in a tent, in which a temperature of below Zero Grad (degrees) prevails due to lack of heating material. For frost damage, there is no frost ointment for weeks. E. V. 1483 1694
For weeks, there are only 600 to 800 calories daily. The Prisoners’malnutrition shows in the worst way. The average underweight is 25-30%. Many prisoners suffer from permanent weakness seizures, circulatory disorders etc. The general hunger is so great that in the summer of 1945, must be prohibited by the camp command, the enjoyment of grass, earthworms, grubs and toothpaste. A former concentration camp inmate says room and board in the German concentration camp better than in Attichy. EV 64, 1006, 1335, 1385, 1459, 1700, 2015, 3596
Already on the march from the railway station to the camp the prisoners are abused by the American guards by beating them with sticks, kicking and punsching them. Watches and rings are taken from them by force. E. V. 1248, 1419, 1471, 1532, 1640, 1705, 1945
Upon arrival at the camp a “Filzung” (robbing) takes place, ie baggage is taken away from then, to steal their private property, such as laundry and shoes; Further any other valuables. American colored soldiers wear chains around their neck that are made from the prisoners’ wedding rings. E. V. 1024 1284 1319 1369 1474 2026
The tents may be used by 8 to 11 and 13 to 16 clock and even in great heat or bad weather not to be entered. Also amputees must be outdoors during this time. During the bad weather season the soaked clothing cannot be dried, so consequently people freeze to death every day. E. V. 1063, 1069, 1397, 1884
Despite the poor nutritional status of hard work is required of the exhausted prisoners; Here they are driven on by the guard personnel with sticks. Even otherwise, the officers and soldiers are repeatedly beaten with sticks by Americans. E. V. 1253, 1463, 1477, 1850, 1920., 1996
• Individual cases:
On 05.18.1945 must POWs officers after they have been held a lecture on German concentration camps where they had to stand still for hours, under the command of ex-inmates of the concentration camps and under the supervision of American officers three hours exercise under drill to exhaustion, for hours do marches, crawl across the completely muddy ground by thundershowers, etc. Also wounded in bandages must participate. In response to this incident an officer hanged himself. E. V. 1684 2153
An American officer drives the prisoners, including German officers, with blows and insults, like “Hitler pig, Nazi pig” to work. E. V. 2077
One prisoner said: … suicides and despair, disease and hunger, frost and snow, mud up to his knees, collapse of the open cesspools were my experiences in the “Hell of ATTichy”.
F O U C A R V I L L E
(April 1 9 4 5 to November 1 9 4 5)
• General conditions.
Again the prisoners are accommodated in tents. Since the tents are leaking, running permanently the rain into the interior. The Prisoners sleep on the bare, damp earth, most with old cardboard as a backing. The tent space is so tight that only remain approximately 40-45 cm room to lie for any man. The water supply, in particular the washing facilities are not sufficient for the Thousands of prisoners. The food is described as being insufficient. E. V. 1014, 1065, 1384, 1397, 1463
The 7 km long route from the station to the camp must be covered in a fast pace march. Here are the prisoners who creep along with their luggage, driven on by the guards with sticks and rifle butts. For heavily injured or amputees there is no mercy, nor for the elderly and debilitated. When transporting on 26/04/1945 several prisoners die of exhaustion as a result of the hardships of this luggage march. E. V. 1365, 1446, 1585
The newly arriving prisoners have their private property taken as well as their newly purchased canteen goods. Can not even be left tablespoon, so that the prisoners makeshift replacement is a piece of tin or wood. E. V. 1116, 1463, 1682, 2071
Repeatedly shoot the guards without reason into the prison camp, whereby there are injured. E. V. 1355
What Foucarville distinguished from others camps, is the arrest device, called by the prisoners “Sing Sing”. It consists of 35-38 vertical corrugated iron rounds of 3 m in height and 2.50 meters in diameter, which are attached about 50 to 60 cm into the ground. On top they are closed with a grid. These tons prisoners serving sentences of detention usually ten to thirty days. They are let out only once a day. At night they get a blanket, a tarpaulin tent and some sticks to build a one-man tent. During the day they are totally defenseless abandoned to the elements. They may not speak, neither set, nor lay down. No way to wash. On various occasions the prison will be treated with a special arrangement by pouring buckets of cold water over them, or for hours have to shoute: “I am a pig”, etc.
The food is half a bread and water during the day. On the 15th day three hot meals. Most prisoners need to be brought exhausted after about ten days into the hospital. Repeatedly completely exhausted inmates beyond recognition, are carried away on stretchers. The sentence must be served after discharge from the hospital. This prison punishment is also applied to young people between 16 and 18 years. A juvenile who violates the speech ban must empty a container filled with feces with his hands. Another is beaten in the camp sergeant Beerman’s [*jew?] office beyond recognition and wearing only a shirt and trousers, repatriated into the metal drum. He is handcuffed and chained to a stake. E. V. 487, 1334, 1653, 2039. 487
V O V E S B E I C H A R T E R S.
(April 1 9 4 5 to September 1 9 4 5)
The prisoners are accommodated in tents, where they sleep on the bare earth. Due to inadequate nutrition a general debilitation of the prisoners. Die every day six to eight prisoners in the hospital from exhaustion. E. V. 1359 1463
On the march from the railway station to the camp are invalids who can not keep the fast pace, beaten, even shot at (shoulder shot). E. V. 1448
In the camp all not worn clothing is taken from the prisoners and burned. Repeatedly, while the prisoners are are standing on the parade ground, searched tents and baggage of American soldiers. After the search, missing are watches, money, valuables, etc. EV 1463 1565
The visit to the latrine at night is extremely dangerous, since the post shoot into the camp. E. V. 1440
8.5.1945: Prisoner officers must stand still for three to four hours before the interrogation hut. During interrogation by an American sergeant a prisoner is abused by him and three American soldiers with leather whips. the prisoner must run in circles shouting: “I am a Nazi pig.”
A captured officer who shall be punished with arrest for thirty days, is locked in a cell of 2.20 times 1m the floor half concrete, half the ground. Only after ten days he gets a blanket. Three days he gets nothing to eat, from the fourth day from daily 200 g of bread and water, with the exception of Sundays and holidays on which he receives nothing. From 12 days from every four days a hot meal. After serving the sentence, the prisoner is emaciated to the bones. E. V. 3559
11/06/1945: Five members of the SS being beaten on the march from the camp to the station with sticks and kicks and fist. In the middle of the city of Chartres, they must shout while being beaten: “I am a Nazi pig”, so that, the French population is outraged by this treatment of POWs. E. V. 1884 3492
C H E R B O U R G
The prisoners are in tents on the bare ground. The use of cardboard is prohibited. At times, two men together have only one blanket. Also for the wounded with still open wounds there is no other accommodation. Newcomers get empty tents where the mud is foot high, instructed to shovel sand and gravel, to make it inhabitable. E. V. 1705, 1726, 3502, 3508
The food is described as being insufficient; strong weight loss occurs with the prisoners. E. V. 2065 3502
On the march from the railway station to the camp the prisoners valuables and luggage are taken by the guards. The prisoners are driven with rifle butts and kicks. E. V. 1307 1407 1726 2062
The guards shoot without reason into the camp. Whoever is staying the night in the latrine more than ten seconds, is bombarded with shots. Within ten days three prisoners are shot in the camp, including a prisoner officer who wanted to visit to the latrine according to official rules. E. V. 1463, 3495, 3508
Two SS members to be admitted to the camp, have the Swastika branded with cyanide on their forehead. E. V. 516, Febru- / March 1945
A prisoner of war is asked by the guards to come to the fence and then shot down at close range. E. V. 1023 June 1945
S T E N A Y
(Summer 1 9 4 5 to February 1 9 4 6)
The prisoners are usually accommodated in tents, where they lie on damp putrid straw. The tents are overcrowded, so that the men can at night only sleep on the side. The captured officers are crowded together in a barracks room without table and without seating where per man only about 43 cm wide dispensed sleeping room is available-. E. V. 1802
In prison B prisoners lying on the floor in stone huts on the stone.
The camp is so crowded that not only outside the corridor and staircases they have a place to sleep, but that prisoners even in doorways, in toilet facilities, – or spend the night outdoors on wooden piles – even when it is snowing. A part of the camp is equipped with stoves, but the allocation of firewood is so low that it is sufficient for only a few hours. The other accommodations are provided stoves before the visit of a representative of the International Red Cross, which are removed again after the visit, without ever having been fired immediately. E. V. 1554
Every prisoner can have only one pair of shoes and one pair of socks. Exchange of the footwear is therefore not possible. Here, the sludge in the camps is 15 cm deep and the prisoners must stay outside every morning and evening two hours. E. V. 1459
The American Camp Sergeant of the N-camp repeated hits prisoners in the face. E. V. 1229
When getting their food, the prisoners have to walk through a stretch formed by American soldiers, where they are hit with sticks and rifle butts. E. V. 3504
For minor infringements of a single prisoner, such as immidiate moving on the whistle of a policeman, there is collective punishment. So must stand still for one hour between six and seven thousand prisoners of war. E. V. 1802
D U R C H A N G G S G A L E R N A M U R
(A p r i l to M a y 1 9 4 5)
When moving into the camp is a prisoner because he does not keep up, beaten by an American sentry with a stick in the neck, that he fell. E. V. 1390
In the camp the prisoners come in groups of ten men into a basement for delousing. In the basement they are beaten by American soldiers with sticks until they are all bloody. A prisoner who pointed out his head wound is beaten until he collapses. After that the prisoner have to do one and half hours marching, lying down, etc. When lying down trample American soldier with feet around on them. E. V. 1236 1811 1846 2028 2151
26.12.1944: A prisoner of war lieutenant who refuses military information about his unit to make, must stand to the ankles in ice water twenty hours in the water tower of the camp. E. V. 81
M A I L LY – L E – C A M P (P W C 1 6).
(M a y 1 9 4 5 to M a r ch 1 9 4 6)
• General conditions.
The prisoners are in low-water-permeable tents that are overcrowded. Equipped with two blankets, they must lie on the bare ground. Neither tables nor seats exist. N lighting there even during food output. The laundry facility is not sufficient for the strong occupancy. During frost can not be used at all. For days there is no water. E. V. 1661 1802 1804 2030
The food is at the time only 900 to 1000 calories daily. The exhaustion of the prisoners is therefore so great that they can hardly go to the latrine from their tent. The latrine is outdoors. E. V. 1065, 1802, 2166, 2030
The whole camp is so muddy that the mud in bad weather runs into the shoes from the ankles down. E. V. 1804
The new arrivals have their extra underware and clothing removed and burned, while the prisoners for some time are in the camp, are walking around in rags. In December, the prisoners must give up all furs despite extreme cold. E. V. No. 1994
Repeated mistreatment of prisoners for no reason at all by the guards. E. V. 2026
• Individual cases:
16.4.1945: SS member will be beaten for hours in the presence of an American sergeant by three former concentration camp people, until he collapses covered in blood. E. V. 1370
October 1945: Prisoner of War officer is badly beaten during interrogation, pushed his head against the wall, kicked in the genitals and so on until it is completely suffused with blood. E. V. 3593
March 1946: A senior officer who still makes a move after the command “Attention” is beaten with a fist to the ground by an American soldiers. E. V. 2160
R O M I L LY – S U R – S E I N E
(J u n i b i s S e p t e m b e r 1 9 4 5)
The prisoners under threat of severe punishment are instructed to give up all valuables, even wedding rings for official custody. Receipts are not issued. With resolution of the camp it turns out that much of the valuables disappeared. The damage goes into the hundreds of thousand Reichsmarks. E. V., 1775, 1815, 2163, 3500
Because the slightest violations collective punishment is inflicted. So in picking up a small bread piece from the ground, the whole tent is punished with getting no meals. On another occasion, prisoners are punished by standing in the heat of the midday sun bareheaded until a significant number fall down from exhaustion. E. V. 2162
Repeatedly prisoners are slapped by the guards and beaten with sticks.
A older officer receives when departing from an American post a kick with the toe of a boot in the behind, and he falls to the ground. He has to go to hospital because of chipping the back bone. E. V. 1603
KLEIN – M Ü N C H E N at LINZ / Austria. (M a y to O c t o b e r 1 9 4 5)
• General conditions.
The camp is infested by vermin. Only after weeks is something done about it by the Americans. E. V. 2143
The food shall be a day to about 500 calories. It only gets better in July. The prisoners have to pay for a big part of the food. EV 476, 1575, 2172
Many prisoners collapse every day as a result of weakness. Prisoners die of hunger.
When taking into the camps, the valuables are removed. E. V. 1003, 1037, 3525
Prisoner of war who wants to relieve himself at the cesspool is seriously wounded by two shots and died in the same night. E. V. 1003 1037
During a search about 130 watches, 30 rings and 50 000.- Reichsmark are robbed. The prisoners of war are pelted with stone while performing the call of nature. Two prisoners are shot on the way to the latrine. E. V. 94, 1076
Since some prisoners are shot in the camp, the commander orders to go to the latrine with a white banner. E. V. 1155
In three weeks, three raids are carried out for “forbidden” items. All valuables are removed. E. V. 1217
Nationals of any work details are beaten by a former concentration camp inmate in the presence and with the connivance of American soldiers with sticks. E. V. 1481
At one of the nightly shootings an SS Hauptscharführer is killed. An SS-Hauptsturmführer which defends itself against the seizure of his ring is struck in the face. E. V. 1302
Two prisoners of war are shot on the way to the latrine. E. V. 42, 87, 172, 1563
A new prisoner of war delivered is caned on the buttocks and back. E. V. 1589
Repeatedly POWs are caused by American soldiers to come to the electric fence to exchange watches and valuables against tobacco products and food, only to get hung up on the electrically charged fence. E. V. 1627
SS-Sturmbannführer, who opposes the seizure of his watch is slapped in the face and kicked. The watch is then taken from him by force under threat with rifles and pistols. E. V. 1896
Mauerkirchen (Austria). (M a y till J u l y 1 9 4 5)
The food is totally inadequate. The prisoners of war are emaciated. The kitchen officer received on one day as lunch meals only dried onions, one which is cooked soup. E. V. 1012 1251
• In camp:
Valuables are removed. A POW who defends himself, receives blows with a dog whip in the face. E. V. 1013
A search of the SS for knives and guns valuables of all kinds are taken. Who does not empty his pockets fast enough, receives blows with rifle buts. The SS people stand from 6.00 to 19.00 hours in the pouring rain and are not allowed to visit a barn, which stands close to them. E. V. 1073
• When transporting to Altheim:
The prisoners are driven 15 km at 20 degrees heat in a rush to the train station with sticks. Officers are particularly tormented. E. V. 1012
The march takes place in sweltering heat, with sticks, whips and and rifle butts are driven the prisoners. Exhausted, they are thrown onto trucks. As the witness “land” on the truck, he found himself on top of two dying comrades. E. V. 1013
On the forced march to Altheim seven or eight war bodily injured and less capable are killed by shots or rifle butts. E. V.. 4
On the march to Altheim they are just shooting into the column. E. V. 1251
A I N G (A u s t r i a ). (M a y to June 1 9 4 5)
Accommodation and food:
7,000 prisoners are on an area of 100 by 100 m. The terrain is marshy. The prisoners sinking up to their knees in the mud when they go for food or go to the latrine. There are no tents, just holes in the ground and their own blankets and their own tarp. There are two latrines among the people crammed together. POWs fall from weakness into the latrine holes, until wood is supplied for the seat bar. E. V. 3521, 3530
Washing is in a creek flowing through the place, which also provides the drinking water on hot days. American soldiers urinate above the water hole into the creek. Only after four weeks a small water truck for drinking water supply is procured.
Day Rationing: 0.3 l soup, 0.3 l Coffee, 150-200 g bread.
A LT H E I M b y B r a u n a u / Ö s t e r r e i c h . ( M a y to J u l y 1 9 4 5 )
• General conditions.
The camp is in a marshy meadow about 500 by 500 meters. It housed an estimated 25,000 prisoners of war and almost exclusively members of the SS there. As no accommodation barracks and no tents, tarpaulins and blankets are available in sufficient numbers, the prisoners live in burrows or from sod-built caves. Only after about four weeks blankets and tarpaulins are supplied in small amounts. For amputees also no accommodations are available. In rainy weather, the camp turns into a swamp, where one cannot lie at night. The latrines are visible to the population from the outside, a short distance from the main thoroughfare. A brook, also used as a fence shall at the camp provides for 10-12000 POWs both drinking water, such as water for washing and laundering clothing. A mounted under water in the creek red wire marks the boundary. Who is approaching it is shot at. There are here several deaths. An old, empty, draughty barns is used to receive the sick. It is, however, no medical equipment available, not even blankets. The doctors are not able to help, in the absence of drugs. Two clarifications achieved illuminate, the conditions in the camp: “The figures one encounteres, instill terror, limp skeletons, they move about in the mud of the former meadow, stand around day and night in the rain, freezing, eaten by bugs, dirty and emaciated,” and “of mud and grass we built “huts”and lived like animals in them! “EV in 1073, 1012, 1230, 1344, 1625, 1221, 1449, 1668, 1688, 3133, 3561, 1079.
After arriving at the camp there is initially nothing to eat, the second day we get a tablespoon of peas, a pinch of coffee and sugar, a little salt, all raw output. Three days the peas are eaten raw, because no wood is available. On the fourth day, there are about 80 grams of bread, on the sixth day for the first time warm food. The daily meals there for weeks are 1/2 liter soup (corresponding holding 5-10 g peas and 2-4 grams of fat) and one-twentieth of bread (partly strong moldy), about 500-800 calories. The entire camp is malnourished after a short time; there are boiled nettles, dandelions, grass and clover, dogs running around disappear in short time, will be slaughtered and eaten. Declared as early as May, the Russian radio: “The 6th SS Panzer Army is starving to death in the swamps of Braunau.” EV in 1606, 1073, 47, 1079, 1012, 1987, 2094, 1614, 1445, 1221, 1225, 1625, 86
POW is shot on the latrine. E. V. 2130
On the march a completely exhausted SS-Unterscharführer is subsequently shot and thrown into an ambulance. E. V. 165
On the march to the camp an American’s soldiers rips the Knight’s Cross and an SS officer. E. V. 1566
On admission many prisoners of war have their stripes ripped off. E. V. 1628
American officers shoots at sick prisoners of war. E. V. 1986
In a tent there in one night by shooting from the guards three dead and five injured POWs. E. V. 3488
On the march to the camp, there are six dead and several injured. E. V. 36
On the march an unconscious SS man is kicked into the ditch and shot in the head. E. V. 105
On the march to the camp they shot six prisoners of war and wounded several. E. V. 1221
A prisoner of war must give up his wedding ring under threat of being shot. E. V. 1363
POWs are driven by growls and blows into the camp. E. V. 1625
When washing an SS man is shot. E. V. 52, 1770
POW gets shot in the tent during the rest period. E. V. 2135
When transporting the prisoners to another camp, they have to run the gauntlet from the truck to the freight wagons. E. V. 3485
E B E N S E E (Austria ). (May to October 1 9 4 5)
The camp is built on an area that is partially continuously during a three-week period of rain under water. Week long are the prisoners in the mud, tents offer at the shortage of blankets do not provide sufficient protection. After seven weeks of the barracks are built, which are not, as intended, occupied by 150, but with 400 prisoners. The camp is at all overcrowded, instead 6000 men with 20 000 men. E. V. 1012 1221 2174
The food is totally inadequate and will not until the autumn somewhat better by then several prisoners are starved top death, and the majority has an underweight of over 25%. 16 to 18 year olds are reduced to skeletons. Many prisoners can no longer walk unaided to the bathroom. Several prisoners are dying of hunger; daily hundreds of them collapse on the camp streets.
After inspection by an American general and investigation by an American medical commission four different malnutrition groups are set up. E. V. 1078, 1221, 1222, 1490, 2069
• During transport to the camp:
Under threat with the gun and insults: “You pig SS, give me your watch” a prisoner of war is removed his watch, other POWs ‘ watches and rings are taken. They are forced to go along at gunpoint. One of American soldier takes a POW doctor who earlier treated and bound his injury, his watch away. E. V. 1172, 1933, 1978, 1979
• on admission:
When unloading a prisoner of war by American soldiers is beaten with truncheons repeatedly because he wanted to bring is rations he received from his unit into the camp. E. V. 1453
An American soldier beats an officer to the grund and snatches his clock. E. V. 1979
From a POW is taken a watch, wedding ring and RM. 400.- . E. V. 1170
On the march to the camp prisoners of war are beating under the eyes of the Americans guarding by Poles with sticks. E. V. 1177, 1222, 1221
On the march to the camp an American officer takes a POW officer’s watch from him and puts it in his pocket. E. V. 1723
In the baggage examination the prisoner are stolen their watches, rings, valuables and money. E. V. 1980
Unload prisoners are severely beaten by caning and blows into their sides by rifle buts. An SS troop leader has his eye and his nose smashed. E. V. 1002
• in the camp:
American soldiers blow SS men with their rifle butts into their back. The American soldiers shooting several times into the barracks. E. V. 1170, 1222
On the way to the construction site a prisoner of war is badly wounded by shot into leg.
Leg amputee has to leave with his luggage the interrogation room through a window. E. V. 2052, 363
POW gets shot while bathing. E. V. 2054
Guards firing at random in the POW camp. A standing near the line of death a prisoner of war is unaware; he is shot and seriously wounded in the shoulder. E. V. 2133
F Ü R S T E N F E L D B R U C K
(A p r i l to J u n e 1 9 4 5)
• General conditions.
The camp is located on one acre field that turns into a sea of mud by rain, snow and the many people. The prisoners live, often wearing only pants and shirt, in holes in the ground. There is no water. E. V. 1183, 1565, 1798, 1956
• Medical Care:
There is no medical treatment. Many wounded live in mud and dirt under the open sky. E. V. 1600
SS members get kicked in the stomach and testicles the Community, and punches in the face and neck. The wedding ring is pried off one POW. E. V. 1429
At night the guards shoot several times with MG-tracer bullets into the camp. There are dead and wounded. E. V. 1565 1798
A row of armed with truncheons Negroes beat the POWs. E. V. 136
All valuables, utensils and underware have to be handed over. E. V. 1307
A sentry rips an officer the Knight’s Cross off the neck and throws it to the ground. There are daily ten to twelve deaths from shooting by the camp post. E. V. 1956
American officer hits an SS officer with his fist in the face. He is also beaten by American soldiers with truncheons. E. V. 2112
The incoming prisoners of war must run the gauntlet. E. V. 39, 91
Guards shoot indiscriminately into the sleeping, lying on the ground unprotected POWs. E. V. 59
L A G E R R E M A G E N.
(April to June 1 9 4 5)
• General conditions.
Thousands of prisoners of war live in holes in the ground in an open field without tarpaulins and coats. Blankets are not enough available. There are no washing facilities. Latrines may not be built. The call of nature has to be done along the barbed wire. E. V. 1082, 1708, 3500, 1421
Already in April, numerous prisoners of war are transported into the hospital Limburg / Lahn [*Good luck! With no German doctors allowed but Jews, poles, Soviets, and all Allied enemies!!!] admitted that including third-degree frostbite suffer from frost damage, so that amputations must be made to the extremities.
In April there is only once a day food. Cold, without bread. The first ten days four to five biscuits, which then stop. Instead grits, oatmeal or wheat grains are issued. Later there is a fifth of bread, and, if it is moldy, the ration increased to a quarter to a half a loaf. E. V. 1082
• Medical Care:
Everything is lacking, particularly medications. Hundreds of wounded and 1600 ill with dysentery can not be supplied accordingly. Even patients with high fever must lay outdoors. E. V. 1783, 3500
Posts shoot at night POWs in their earth holes. E. V. 2049.
By nighttime shooting POW is killed. EV 1494.
300 meters from the outer barbed wire, is an officer sitting on his sleeping hole and shot. E. V. 2056
Z I M M I N G at S t. A v o l d.
(October 1 9 4 5 to M arch 1 9 4 6)
1. General conditions.
The accommodations consist of wire frames that are covered with perforated roofing felt. There are no windows and doors, no floor, so that the POWs lie on the bare floor. Initially, no heating available, later-built clay ovens. On fuel every few days is delivered three or four sticks despite extreme cold. Before 17 hours must not be heated. There at Christmas for eight days absolutely no wood. Straw (a covenant compressed straw for approximately 60 man) is finally delivered, so that the prisoners do not have to go back to sleep on the bare floor. Initially, for three men only two blankets available, later every man receives two blankets. Nevertheless, the accommodations do not provide sufficient protection against the cold. It comes to frostbite on hands, feet and ears and eventually die numerous prisoners of war. The camp is muddy like a plowed field. The roads are bad, so that the slurry runs into the top of the shoes and even gets stuck in cars. Even in the tent the mud is ankle-deep in a thaw. The wash, which is located to January outdoors is inadequate. (15 liters of water every day for 60 man.) There are times, every three days only a pint for washing. The toilet facilities are also outdoors and are hardly accessible during bad weather and cold. A prisoners opinion: “A pigsty in Germany was a palace comparted to this”. EV 1017, 1132, 1662, 1982, 2017, 1173, 1207, 1384, 1209, 1358, 1757, 1110, 1621, 2182, 1308, 1783, 2017, 1338, 1215
There are twice daily 0.85 l thin watery soup and one-third bread. There are many malnourished. From Cage III for example, 50% due to malnutrition in medical treatment. 72 man a tent but just 38 present, the others are receiving medical treatment. Daily, about 10 men drop off from the count. E. V. 1568, 1100, 3513, 1589, 1173, 1892
• Medical Care:
For frostbite and wounds, there is neither medicine nor dressing material. Some frostbites lead to death. Because of numerous typhoid cases, a sick Cage must be set up because the hospital which receives only the most serious cases, is crowded.
In each tent hospital Cage are 60 patients and two paramedics, lying on straw on the ground. Washing facilities for clothes soiled with feces described does not exist. 100g heating material are allotted per man. E. V. 1621, 2063, 1209, 1919t
Unload prisoners are beaten with rifle butts, sticks and iron bars. E. V. 1563
Whoever is seen by the Cage sergeant with his hands in his pockets, is placed in a cage and has up to two hours call: “I should not put my hands in my pockets!” EV 1568
Despite frostbites to their feet, the POWs are forced to take long walks. E. V. 2186
The work group must empty a full latrine with buckets. E. V. 3508
* * *